Started with questioning students, Who is most intelligent person on the earth. With utmost excitement everyone named Albert Einstein. They justified it because Einstein has one of the highest IQs ever recorded, sitting between 160 and 190.
What is intelligence?
Intelligence generally described as the ability to perceive information, and to retain it as knowledge, then use that new knowledge as a foundation to solve the next problem, or learn the next new skill, and so on.
(Let’s agree for a moment that Intelligence is same as IQ, atleast in the 8th grade students context). . The acquisition of information and skills can be learned.
Artificial intelligence (AI) is creation of intelligent machines that work and react like humans.
Some of the activities computers with artificial intelligence are designed for include:
- Speech recognition
- Problem solving
As earlier defined biological intelligence :
Step1: Information perception
Step2: Retain knowledge
Step3: Solve problem
We humans build intelligence from our books, teachers, friends, family and importantly nature.
Now AI has almost similar structure to mimic biological intelligence via algorithms. Algorithms, set of instruction passed to computer to complete a task. Something like
Information perception in AI:
Like humans, computers can hear, can see, can read and build brain by logical and complex algorithms.
1. Text : Natural language processing
Knowledge perception from reading texts is quite familiar to humans. We have built cultures, traditions by reading holy books Bhagavadgeetha, Quran, Bible etc,. Graduated and outperforming in jobs, in various industries by reading understanding our college academic books.
Like humans, Computers do read and understand the texts very well. Input/ ouput of NLP system can be a written text of speech. Simple example which explains the communication between Computer and Human(user)
2. Vision : Computer vision
Computers can see the environment and understands each and every object. Currently we are using YOLO algorithm at our organisation www.rudralabs.com for object detection module. You will be amazed to see the video:
3. Sound : Google assistant, SIRI , Cortana
Computers can hear , understand and reply with intelligence. Children love asking questions, but unfortunately, when they ask their questions in Google the answers are often too complicated for them to understand. Google assistant(GA) is one of those AI systems, which process response by hearing. GA-kids, answer to every question by understanding kids age (based on voice modulation parameters such as pitch depth etc,.).
Finally, what if Computer handles your tasks such as reminders(such as : Call to father at 9PM, Project submission on 30th October at 11AM etc,.), recharges, recommending best restaurants nearby etc,.
Assume, what if your computer makes a call to saloon at book appointment for you? It’s hard to believe AI can interact with people this naturally. Are you excited after imagining this scene in your mind. Let’s check this.
Google just gave a stunning demo of Assistant making an actual phone call. GA completes the majority of its tasks fully autonomously, without human involvement.
Soon I will be publishing 2 more blogs on how computers Retain knowledge and how computers Solve problem that resembles human brain(a.k.a biological intelligence)
Stay tuned. Thank you for reading this.